National Survey of Student Engagement (ENCE)

About ENCE

The National Survey for the Evaluation of Student Engagement (ENCE) is a national instrument that seeks to evaluate and improve the commitment of students from universities belonging to the Council of Rectors of Chilean Universities (CRUCH).

Student engagement refers to a state and disposition of students to approach their studies and achieve learning. This concept includes, on the one hand, the time and effort that they dedicate to their studies and training activities. It also considers the ways in which institutions deploy their resources and organize curricula and other instances so that students participate in activities that are related to their learning.

Along these lines, the focus is on better understanding how students engage in their learning and what institutions can do to improve their policies and practices, in order to stimulate learning achievement.

ENCE is based on the National Survey for Student Engagement (NSSE), designed by the Center for Research in Higher Education at the University of Indiana, United States and which has been used and adapted to the reality of various countries.

The purpose of NSSE is to gather information about the quality of the studies (mainly undergraduate) and the grades obtained by the students, in a collaborative effort of numerous North American universities. Since 2013 NSSE includes 109 items associated with various aspects of the student experience, in addition to including questions about “high impact practices” and others of individual characterization, previous antecedents and demographic information.

The expansion of this initiative has been important. In 2014, NSSE applied to nearly half a million students at more than 700 universities and schools in the United States and Canada. Subsequently, the student engagement measurement questionnaires have been expanded to more than a dozen other countries, adapting and widely applied in recent years in countries such as Australia and New Zealand (AUSSE), South Africa (SASSE), China (CCSS), Ireland (ISSE), UK (UKES), among the most important. There are also developments of similar initiatives in Southeast Asia, South Korea and the Arab world.

The National Survey for the Evaluation of Student Engagement, ENCE, was developed from a preliminary draft corresponding to the 2013 version of the NSSE, translated and used by the University of Valparaíso in 2015. The translated document was submitted to a review by a committee of experts, made up of specialists in academic process management from that study house, the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, the University of Chile and the University of Valparaíso, where adjustments and scopes to the use of the concepts and terms of the original instrument were proposed.

Then, the questionnaire was subjected to a qualitative pretest process, developed using cognitive validation techniques. Six groups of interviews were carried out, made up of a total of 32 students from the three participating universities, a process that led to new adjustments to the instrument.

In 2017, the three institutions carried out a pilot project of adjustment and cognitive and statistical validation of the questionnaire, to adequately collect the characteristics of the experience of undergraduate students in our local context.

In 2018, the three pioneering schools were joined by the University of Playa Ancha and the Catholic University of Temuco.

In 2019, the University of Aysén, the Catholic University of Santísima Concepción, the University of Talca, the Metropolitan Technological University and the University of the Frontera were incorporated, adding 10 houses of study.

In 2020, the Arturo Prat University also joined this initiative.

This project has been sponsored by the Council of Rectors of Chilean Universities (CRUCH) since 2018. The purpose is that more institutions join this initiative and promote the exchange of information and good practices among them.

The ENCE survey allows:
  • The capture, analysis and generation of useful evidence for academic management.
  • The exchange of good practices.
  • Inter-institutional collaboration.
  • Dissemination of public information about the experience of undergraduate students and learning outcomes.

The ENCE survey offers an overview of the diversity of the students of the institutions that participate in this initiative and how they experience their passage through higher education.

Through this instrument it is sought to record and monitor the transformations that are generated in the educational experience of the students. These findings are useful for planning the academic management agendas of universities and for initiatives that seek to improve the quality of higher education.

This gathering of evidence on what the students do and how they learn also allows the use of comparative information and inter-institutional collaboration, a situation that offers great opportunities to strengthen the work of the houses of study that are part of this project.

Universities are committed to contributing with actions that serve for the generation of public policies that contribute to the improvement of the quality of higher education in Chile. In this sense, ENCE can contribute to the generation of inputs that serve to design actions in this area.

Participating Universities

Various institutions of the Council of Rectors of Chilean Universities participate in the ENCE project, which have been added progressively since the survey was applied for the first time in 2015.

2015 – 2016

  • University of Valparaíso

2017

  • University of Valparaíso
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
  • University of Chile

2018

  • University of Valparaíso
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
  • University of Chile
  • Catholic University of Temuco
  • University of Playa Ancha

2019

  • University of Valparaíso
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
  • University of Chile
  • Catholic University of Temuco
  • University of Playa Ancha
  • University of Aysén
  • Catholic University of the Holy Conception
  • Metropolitan Technological University
  • University of La Frontera
  • Talca University

2020

  • University of Valparaíso
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
  • University of Chile
  • Catholic University of Temuco
  • University of Playa Ancha
  • University of Aysén
  • Catholic University of the Holy Conception
  • Metropolitan Technological University
  • University of La Frontera
  • Talca University
  • Arturo Prat University