ANALYSIS OF THE COUNCIL OF RECTORS
· 73% of the applicants who took the test correspond to young graduates of secondary education in 2012 and 27% to graduates in previous years.
· Regarding gender, the number of women who took the PSU exceeds that of men: 53% versus 47%.
· The Council of Rectors reminded students to consider when applying the value that the ranking of grades will have within the 2013 admission process.
· The grade ranking, one of the novelties of the 2013 admission process, is an instrument that will allow the best high school students to receive a bonus for their outstanding academic performance.
A total of 233,284 people took the University Selection Test (PSU) this year, which means a slight increase (1%) compared to 2012. This was reported this morning by the executive vice president of the Council of Rectors of Chilean Universities (CRUCH), Juan Manuel Zolezzi.
The PSU surrendered in 566 stores, distributed in 170 locations, from Arica to Punta Arenas. 17,575 examiners, 1,133 premises coordinators, 499 heads of premises and 150 delegates and supervisors participated in the process.
"We are proud of the way the PSU surrender process was developed," said CRUCH executive vice president, Juan Manuel Zolezzi. And he added: “I want to thank the more than 230 thousand students, and their families, who have placed their faith in a transparent and universal access admission system, which will allow young people to apply to the 25 universities of the Council of Rectors and the 8 private universities that have joined the system since the 2012 admission process ”, explained Rector Zolezzi.
The data provided reveal that the trend was maintained regarding the percentage of registrants who did not take the tests (level of absenteeism), reaching 14% this year, quite similar to the level of 15% registered in 2012. In both periods this figure corresponds to the segments most benefited from the Mineduc free scholarships implemented since 2006.
“Although the number of young people taking the test has increased, many students take the PSU scholarship given by the Ministry of Education, sign up to take it and finally do not attend, making the State of Chile incur a useless expense. We think that the time has come to demand a greater commitment from the young people who have access to this benefit ”, explained Rector Zolezzi.
Figures and Results
The analysis of the results showed that, in terms of trends, there are no major changes compared to last year.
Of those who took the PSU, 73% corresponds to young graduates of secondary education this 2012 and 27% corresponds to graduates in previous years. Of these, 47% were men and 53% women.
Regarding educational dependency, 35.6% of the total comes from the municipal school, 52.9% from a subsidized individual, and 10.6% from a paid individual. This coincides with the composition of the country's secondary education system.
70.6% of those who took the PSU comes from a humanistic scientific modality and the remaining 28.6% from the professional technical modality.
The 2013 PSU process showed some variation with respect to the number of students who achieved a national score. Compared to 2012, the number dropped from 316 applicants to 219.
In the case of the Mathematics test, the figure rose slightly to 136. In the case of the Language test, this year only one young person obtained a national score.
This year there was a slight increase in the number of young people who obtained a national score in the Science test, going from 31 in 2012 to 46 in 2013.
The greatest decrease occurred in the History and Social Sciences test. While this year 34 applicants obtained a national score, last year they did 148.
The executive vice president of CRUCH explained that the number of national scores in History and Social Sciences this year is totally normal: “Last year was the exception. In previous years the figure was always close to 30 young people ”, he explained.
Zolezzi specified that the national scores of all the tests tended to stabilize this year "The number of national scores that we see in 2013 is in line with the historical results, the year 2011 and 2012 were an exception in the trend," he explained.
Regarding the socioeconomic gap, the 2013 admission process shows stable patterns compared to the previous year and the preceding years, maintaining significant differences in scores between students of different socioeconomic status.
Process News 2013
The Council of Rectors reminded students to consider when applying the value that the ranking of grades (RANK) will have within the 2013 admission process. This is different from the NEM, and works as follows:
1. The RANK only applies to students who are above the grade point average of their establishment, be it municipal, subsidized private or paid private. For those who are below average, the RANK will be the same as the NEM.
2. The RANK gives a score according to the relative position of the student with respect to the companions of his school or establishment; not average.
3. The RANK is calculated based on the average of the grades of the three previous promotions of each establishment.
4. The RANK can be found on the Demre website, along with the NEM and the PSU result.
“The Council of Rectors diversified the admission system incorporating this ranking of grades so that those young people who were good students in high school, but who unfortunately could not access quality education, can have greater opportunities to access traditional universities and to the eight private universities adhering to our admission system ”, explained the rector Zolezzi.